A Norwegian man suspected of killing his stepsister after which storming an Oslo mosque with a gun appeared in court docket Monday with a smirk on his bruised face as proof grew that he sought to emulate assaults by white supremacists within the U.S. and New Zealand.
Safety specialists imagine Philip Manshaus is the most recent instance of an extremist who was radicalized by far-right conspiracy theories unfold on-line, notably the “nice alternative” principle, which falsely warns of a “genocide” during which white persons are being changed by immigrants and Muslims.
Manshaus, 21, was arrested Saturday after getting into a mosque within the Oslo suburb of Baerum, the place three males have been making ready for Sunday’s Eid al-Adha Muslim celebrations. Police stated he waved weapons and fired a number of photographs.
They didn’t specify what kind of weapon was used. One individual was barely wounded earlier than individuals contained in the Al-Noor Islamic Middle held the suspect down till police arrived.
Police then raided Manshaus’ close by home and located the physique of his 17-year-old stepsister, recognized Monday as Johanne Zhangjia Ihle-Hansen, who was reportedly adopted from China as a 2-year previous. Manshaus is suspected in her killing, police stated, however they didn’t present particulars.
With indicators of his wrestle nonetheless seen at midnight bruises below each eyes and scratches on his face and neck, Manshaus entered a court docket in Oslo. In a closed-door listening to, he didn’t admit guilt and requested to be let out, his lawyer, Unni Fries, informed The Related Press.
The court docket ordered him held in pre-trial detention for 4 weeks, two of which will likely be in solitary confinement.
The top of Norway’s home safety company PST, Hans Sverre Sjoevold, stated authorities acquired a “imprecise” tip a yr in the past concerning the suspect, however it was not sufficient to behave as a result of they’d no details about any “concrete plans” of assault.
Sjoevold informed a information convention that the company and the police obtain many suggestions from frightened individuals daily and the knowledge “did not go within the course of an imminent terror planning.”
“Lots of the individuals who have right-wing attitudes share a violent mindset, however expertise exhibits that only a few go from phrase to motion. Subsequently, it’s a demanding mission to seize and forestall those that have the flexibility and can to hold out assaults,” Stoevold stated.
Norwegian media reported that Manshaus was impressed by shootings in March in New Zealand, the place a gunman focused two mosques, killing 51 individuals, and on Aug. three in El Paso, Texas, the place an assailant focused Hispanics and left at the least 22 lifeless.
Dagbladet, certainly one of Norway largest newspapers, reported that on the day of the assault, Manshaus wrote on-line that he had been “chosen” by “Saint (Brenton) Tarrant,” the Christchurch gunman.
Saturday’s assault got here amid the rising recognition of far-right events throughout the Nordics, fueled partly by a surge of migration into Europe in 2015. Teams that have been as soon as taboo have gained some social acceptance and affect. Extremists teams more and more manifest their beliefs brazenly in ways in which have been as soon as unparalleled.
Magnus Ranstorp, the lead terrorism researcher on the Swedish Protection College, stated the rise of violent far-right extremism is being pushed by a posh overlapping of parts, together with hateful rhetoric and conspiracies on social media and “previous Nazis combining with the alt-right, combining a race struggle with a cultural struggle.”
Including to which are state actors, like Russia with its propaganda shops, and President Donald Trump searching for to sow tensions and break down belief in established elites and the media.
“The chief of free world is a part of the issue,” Randstorp stated.
“We’re in a hybrid menace setting — we aren’t in peacetime,” Randstorp added. “Liberal democracy is below menace.”
One other safety professional, Olivier Guitta, stated the current white nationalist assaults in opposition to Muslims don’t seem like revenge for jihadist terrorist assaults. For now, he stated, there isn’t any far-right world terror group within the mould of al-Qaeda or Islamic State that attackers “may belong to or declare accountability for.”
However “each far proper and Islamist extremism feed off one another” and each have “the identical objective to unfold chaos inside our Western societies,” stated Guitta, managing director of GlobalStrat, a global safety consultancy.
Prime Minister Erna Solberg known as the tried assault a “direct assault on Norwegian Muslims.” She recommended that political events unite to deal with racism and discrimination, together with attainable laws designed to thwart hatred in opposition to Muslims.
Throughout the nation, police have strengthened safety measures in reference to the celebration of the Muslim vacation Eid, which runs by way of Thursday.
The suspect’s thwarted plans recall these of the Norwegian right-wing extremist who in 2011 killed 77 individuals in 2011. Anders Behring Breivik is serving a 21-year jail sentence for finishing up a terror assault.
Breivik ranted about Europe being overrun by Muslim immigrants and blamed left-wing political forces for making the continent multicultural.
Nearly four% of Norway’s 5.three million persons are refugees, and roughly 12% of the inhabitants consists of immigrants or kids of immigrants, in keeping with official figures.
Olsen reported from Copenhagen, Denmark and Gera from Warsaw, Poland.
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